Allow user to read dir via ObjectStream.


Users need readdir support in OpenDAL: Implement List support. Take databend for example, with List support, we can implement copy from s3://bucket/path/to/dir instead of only s3://bucket/path/to/file.

Guide-level explanation

Operator supports new action called objects("path/to/dir") which returns a ObjectStream, we can iterator current dir like std::fs::ReadDir:

let mut obs = op.objects("").map(|o| o.expect("list object"));
while let Some(o) = {
    // Do something upon `Object`.

To better support different file modes, there is a new object meta called ObjectMode:

let meta = o.metadata().await?;
let mode = meta.mode();
if mode.contains(ObjectMode::FILE) {
    // Do something on a file object.
} else if mode.contains(ObjectMode::DIR) {
    // Do something on a dir object.

We will try to cache some object metadata so that users can reduce stat calls:

let meta = o.metadata_cached().await?;

o.metadata_cached() will return local cached metadata if available.

Reference-level explanation

First, we will add a new API in Accessor:

pub type BoxedObjectStream = Box<dyn futures::Stream<Item = Result<Object>> + Unpin + Send>;

async fn list(&self, args: &OpList) -> Result<BoxedObjectStream> {
    let _ = args;

To support options in the future, we will wrap this call via ObjectStream:

pub struct ObjectStream {
    acc: Arc<dyn Accessor>,
    path: String,

    state: State,

enum State {
    Sending(BoxFuture<'static, Result<BoxedObjectStream>>),

So the public API to end-users will be:

impl Operator {
    pub fn objects(&self, path: &str) -> ObjectStream {
        ObjectStream::new(self.inner(), path)

For cached metadata support, we will add a flag in Metadata:

#[derive(Debug, Clone, Default)]
pub struct Metadata {
    complete: bool,

    path: String,
    mode: Option<ObjectMode>,

    content_length: Option<u64>,

And add new API Objbct::metadata_cached():

pub async fn metadata_cached(&mut self) -> Result<&Metadata> {
    if self.meta.complete() {
        return Ok(&self.meta);

    let op = &OpStat::new(self.meta.path());
    self.meta = self.acc.stat(op).await?;


The backend implementor must make sure complete is correctly set.

Metadata will be immutable outsides, so all set_xxx APIs will be set to crate public only:

pub(crate) fn set_content_length(&mut self, content_length: u64) -> &mut Self {
    self.content_length = Some(content_length);



Rationale and alternatives


Prior art


Unresolved questions


Future possibilities

  • More precise field-level metadata cache so that user can send stat only when needed.